Cultivation Guide


BED PREPARATION FOR OPEN FIELD

 

Two Row System

Bed Width: 60 cm    
Pathway: 40 cm
Height 40 cm
Capacity per acre: 22,000 plants

 

Four Row System

Bed Width:  100 cm
Path Way: 40 cm
Height: 40cm
Capacity per acre: 44,000 plants

MULCHING

In India mulching is carried out after 20 days of planting the plants into the beds with Black / Black, Black / Silver polythene double colour Mulching Films are used for mulching the primary use of plastic mulch is to regulate soil temperature in addition to protecting the roots from the process of Dormant in Cold areas where the temperatures are low up to 4 to 5 degrees, Usually mulching is used to protect the fruit to come in contact with soil so that the fruit will not be damaged and to prevent unnecessary grass to be grown with the strawberries.

IRRIGATION

Strawberry generally requires irrigation for optimum growth and yield Drip irrigation is the dominant mode of water application used commercially in drip system 1 – 2 Lateral lines of 16 mm, with dripper at every 30 cm and having discharge of 2 – 4 lph, Strawberry being a relatively shallow rooted plant is highly susceptible to drought

PLANTING

The best time to plant strawberries is in the month of August to September in Maharashtra the planting season also depends on the geographical conditions and climates where strawberry has to be grown plants are planted at a distance of 25 x 25 or 30 x 30 depending on the varieties because some of the varieties need more space to grow

  • Planting Population per Acre
  • Planting is carried is out in two ways
  • 2 rows plantation 22,000
  • 4 rows plantation 44,000

PLANT LIFECYCLE

The total life cycle of the crop is of 7 to 8 months after planting if the growth of the plant is appropriate for the production the plant will start fruiting after 35 to 40 days depending on the varieties because some strawberry varieties are late and some are early

FERTIGATION & IRRIGATION SCHEDULE FOR ACRE

 

                           Period

Days
of
period

Days

Water  (m3 /Acre)

Units/Acre

With        Fertig*  

Without Fertig*

Days

 

Period

 With Fertig*

 

Without Fertig*

 

N

 

P2O5

  k2O

 

CaO

 

MgO

First Requirement

20
30
35

13
30
35

7
0
0

20
15
12

400
450
420

195
360
380

205
90
40

14
18
18

8
10
10

14
25
30

5
8
15

2
3
3

Second  Requirement

15
30
43

15
25
35

0
5
8

10
12
14

150
360
602

150
360
502

0
0
100

11.5
14
10

6
6
6

11.5
20
20

3.8
3.6
10

1.3
2.2
2

Third Requirement

20
40
15

20
40
0

0
0
15

15
16
17

300
640
255

200
400
0

100
240
255

10
10
0

5
0
0

10
20
0

3.3
10
0

1.1
2
0

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